A heart attack takes place when there is a disruption in the normal flow of blood to the heart. The plaque that forms in the arteries that provide blood to the heart is almost often the result of an accumulation of fatty deposits, cholesterol, and other chemicals (coronary arteries). It is the cause of a significant number of deaths all around the world.
A heart attack should serve as a warning signal to every one of us. In particular, for the younger generation, the number of people who have died from heart disease in the country has been rising. Calcium scoring is a more recent technology that may be used to estimate the probability of having a heart attack in the future. The detection of calcium in arteries serves the objective of personalizing one’s lifestyle to lower this probability.
The calcium heart score test is an innovative new screening procedure that is now being utilized to prevent unanticipated fatalities.
What Exactly Is The Purpose Of This Test?
During the procedure, a particular form of CT imaging is utilized to ascertain the level of calcium present in the coronary artery, so validating both the total area that is occupied and the density.
Calcium is a component that is essential for the health of our bones; nevertheless, recent research has shown that calcium buildup in the coronary arteries might be an additional risk factor for heart disease. Plaque, also known as calcium buildup, is made up of fatty compounds, also known as LDL cholesterol, and fibrin. The buildups may continue to be stable in the arteries, but ultimately they will get irritated and burst, which will result in the formation of a blood clot that can lead to a heart attack.
As a result, the coronary calcium scoring test is useful for performing an accurate risk assessment before the occurrence of a heart attack. The test makes it possible to get a direct visual of the number of calcium deposits in the coronary arteries. A score of zero indicates that there is no calcium present, which indicates a minimal possibility of having a heart attack in the coming decades; nevertheless, the higher the score, the greater the danger of having a heart disease. A score between 100 and 300 indicates moderate risk, whereas a number more than 400 may be a sign of coronary artery blockage.
The whole examination takes between 10 and 15 minutes, although the scan itself only takes between 5 and 15 seconds and exposes the patient to a very low dose of radiation.
The calcium scoring test provides cardiologists with valuable information on the likelihood of developing heart disease in the future. It causes no discomfort, and there is no danger of any adverse effects. The calcium score is a measure that may be used more precisely to assess risk and to develop strategies that can stop the further advancement of arterial blockages.
Higher calcium scores indicate a larger risk for additional occurrences in the years to come. There is strong correlation between a person’s calcium score and their risk of dying from cardiovascular disease as well as their likelihood of experiencing a heart attack or stroke.
The first step in treatment may involve using cholesterol-lowering medicine in conjunction with other heart-healthy lifestyle changes, such as increased physical activity and dietary adjustments. Calcium scoring is now a standard component of the recommendations made all around the world to improve risk assessment and treatment. The patient who is regarded to have an unknown risk for developing heart disease might benefit from having this scan done. Additionally, it encourages a large number of people with a moderate risk of cardiovascular disease to make positive adjustments in their lifestyle.