In the USA many people are suffering from sleep disorders. About 22 million Americans are suffering due to sleep apnea and out of them 80 percent cases are between moderate to severe condition, which often remain undiagnosed.
Finally, society has started recognizing sleep apnea can be dangerous. In fact, it can be a life-threatening disease too. One standard treatment is given for sleep apnea known as continuous positive airway pressure by using CPAP masks.
Usually, patients need to wear CPAP mask in the night either over the nose or over nose and mouth. This mask will connect to one small machine having a hose. This machine will pump pressured air into airway of patient to keep open while they will be sleeping.
This type of CPAP treatment has proven to be effective for the sleep apnea. However, compliance with this kind of therapy still continues to be little problematic. About 83 percent among the patients do not comply with this CPAP therapy. Average CPAP use can be around for 5 to 6 hours a night, but most patients use it less than 4 hours a night.
What are various CPAP masks you get for treating sleep apnea?
There are 3 main types of masks available and generally they are available in all possible sizes. Few manufacturers also offer these masks, which are designed particularly matching with contours of head and face of woman.
1. Full face masks
These masks will cover only your mouth and nose. Following are their pros and cons:
- Suitable for patients who normally breathe through mouth.
- Works well for those with higher CPAP pressure setting.
- Ideal for patients who prefer sleeping on their back
- Because of larger surface area higher chances of air leaking.
- Few patients may feel irritation, dry eyes because of air leaking from the mask top.
- Difficult for patients to sleep on stomach or side.
- Patients cannot watch TV with their glass on
2. Nasal masks
Only fit over nose and offering lighter fit than above masks.
- Natural airflow
- Various styles available all faces.
- Good for patients who can move or sleep on either side
- Not suitable for those who breathe through mouth.
- Patients with a history of cold may feel inconvenient.
3. Nasal pillow masks
These masks are more lightweight and offer high level visibility and openness.
- Patients can watch TV with masks on
- Patients can wear their glasses too.
- Lightweight and minimum facial cover.
- Reduce air leakages.
- Suitable for patients with beard or moustache.
- Not ideal for patient who require higher pressure.
- Few patient experience nasal dryness or nosebleeds.
- Not ideal for those who can’t breathe through noses.
Although most of CPAP masks may fall within the above 3 categories, we must also note that they are not just the only types available for treating sleep apnea.
There are few less frequently used masks include:
- Total face masks
- Oral masks
- Hybrid masks
Based on how severe is your condition, doctor may recommend any one of them. However, they are not used so frequently.