A Primer on Total Knee Replacement

Thanks to your knees, you can do tasks every day like walking, sitting, and standing. They’re the largest joints in the body, which connect your thighbone (femur) and shinbone (tibia) together. They’re made up of ligaments, cartilages, tendons, and another bone called the patella or your kneecap.

Sincethey’re used daily, your knees are prone to many problems. The cartilage that cushions them wears away as you age, causing the bones to rub against each other. They’re also at a higher risk of getting fractured upon doing extreme activities. When these parts are severely damaged, a personcanonly get back into doing low-impact sports through aknee replacement in Atlanta. Learn more about the procedure by reading on.

What It Is

Total knee replacement surgery or arthroplasty is performed to correct leg deformity, relieve joint pain, and restore mobility. It’s an alternative option for patients with rheumatoid, post-traumatic, or osteoarthritis when noninvasive treatments, like medication, exercise, and physical therapy, are ineffective in managing the symptoms and healing the injuries.

In this 1 to 2-hour procedure, the surgeon first makes an 8- to 10-inch cut to remove the broken cartilage and bones. Then, metal implants are attached to recreate the normal joint structure. Following this is usually patella resurfacing, but this part may be skipped for certain cases. The surgery ends with the insertion of a plastic spacer, which helps the metal components glide smoothly upon moving.

Preparing for Surgery

To get this treatment, visit an orthopedic surgeon first to evaluate whether a total knee replacement is the best option for your case. The doctor will review your medical history and ask you questions about the severity of your pain and your ability to move.

If they recommend surgery, you’re required to undergo a series of tests weeks before the procedure to ensure you’re healthy enough for your operation and recovery. These include X-ray and electrocardiogram examsand blood and urine samples.

The doctor will also suggest that you prepare your home for easier navigation after the procedure. Some helpful changes you can make are putting safety bars in your bathroom, removing loose carpets and cords, and setting up a temporary living space on the first floor of your house.

Recovering From Surgery

Once the procedure is done, the physician will give you specific instructions so you can heal quickly from the operation. You’ll be asked to avoid getting your wounds wet until they’re fully sealed and dried.

A proper diet must be followed, too. To replenish iron in your blood that was lost during the surgery, munch on shellfish, legumes, and other excellent sources of the nutrient. Eat foods rich in zinc and vitamin C to strengthen your immune system, and get enough sunshine to keep your bones healthy.

After resting for a couple of weeks, you need to stay active again to help your knee restore its normal function. Focus on doing simple movements, like walking around the house. Consult a physical therapist to learn some exercises that improve flexibility and stamina, too.

Consult the doctor about getting an orthopedic knee replacement in Atlanta if your legs ache when you’re resting and you can’t properly walk for long. They’ll help you move normally again in no time with their recommended treatment.

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